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This is a place to collect links to worthwhile papers. Probably we should link to a CiteULike group also.


Energy market terminology - let's make sure we are using correct terminology.


Anderson, Electricity restructuring: a review of efforts around the world and the consumer response, Electricity Journal, April 2009. A review of market restructuring efforts and impacts in Europe, North America, and Australia, talks about practical problems, successes, and failures. The author is executive director of a trade group of large industrial power consumers in the U.S.

J. H. Chow, W. De. Mello, and K. W. Cheung, “Electricity Market Design: An Integrated Approach to Reliability Assurance,” Proceedings of the IEEE, Vol. 93, No. 11, pp. 1956-1960, November 2005. (last accessed on the Web October 22, 2010 at [1] )

Fleten and Pettersen, Constructing Bidding Curves for a Price-Taking Retailer in the Norwegian Electricity Market, IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, 20[2], MAY 2005. Explains the bidding process for retailers in the Norwegian wholesale market, and gives a procedure for constructing optimal bids. Bids are piecewise-linear demand functions.

J. Garcia-Gonzalez, Hedging strategies for wind renewable generation in electricity markets.

Jaap Gordijn and Hans Akkermans, Business Models for Distributed Generation In a Liberalized Market Environment, Electric Power Systems Research 77(9), 2007. Abstract: The analysis of the potential of emerging innovative technologies calls for a systems-theoretic approach that takes into account technical as well as socio-economic factors. This paper reports the main findings of several business case studies of different future applications in various countries of distributed power generation technologies, all based on a common methodology for networked business modeling and analysis.

Holmberg and Newbery, The Supply Function Equilibrium and Its Policy Implications for Wholesale Electricity Auctions. Talks about strategic bidding in oligopolistic wholesale electricity auctions.

Joskow and Tirole, Retail electricity competition, The Rand Journal of Economics 37[4], 2006. Analyzes pricing, competition, and market efficiency in environments with multiple retail energy brokers under a number of relevant assumptions.

Joskow and Tirole, Reliability and competitive electricity markets, The Rand Journal of Economics 28[1], 2007. Examines the relationship between the need to achieve balance and various market distortions, such as market power and the practical impossibility of rationing most price-insensitive customers.

Joskow, Lessons learned from electricity market liberalization, The Energy Journal 29[2], 2008. Lots of interesting insights about the various ways that markets for electric power have developed, including a set of "textbook" policies that seem to be part of the good solutions. Also lots of detail on what has happened in many areas of the world. Retail markets have not worked well everywhere.

Kempton and Tomic, Vehicle-to-grid power implementation: From stabilizing the grid to supporting large-scale renewable energy, The Energy Journal 29[2], 2008. Using electric vehicles to stabilize the grid and allow for higher usage of variable sources (wind, solar).

Meeus, Power Exchange Auction Trading Platform Design, Ph.D. Dissertation, Catholic University of Leuven, 2006. Describes the European wholesale energy markets.

Möst, D., Fichtner, W., Ragwitz, M., Veit, D., "New methods for energy market modelling", Proceedings of the First European Workshop on Energy Market Modelling using Agent-Based Computational Economics

Ockenfels, Grimm, and Zoettl, Electricity Market Design: The Pricing Mechanism of the Day Ahead Electricity Spot Market Auction on the EEX, European Energy Exchange AG, 2008. Describes the structure of the EEX electricity markets.

Olsen, Johnsen, and Lewis A Mixed Nordic Experience: Implementing Competitive Retail Electricity Markets for Household Customers, Electricity Journal, November 2006. Nice piece on retail power markets in the Nordic countries, where this approach has probably been running longest.

Pekec and Rothkopf Combinatorial Auction Design, Management Science v49 n11, pp 1485-1503, November 2003. General treatment of combinatorial auction design and computational issues, including VCG mechanisms.

Rothkopf, Pekec, and Harstad, Computationally Manageable Combinatorial Auctions, Management Science v44 n8, pp 1131-1147, August 1998. Nice treatment of computational issues with combinatorial auctions, including the VCG mechanism.

Shahidehpour, Yamin, and Li, Market Operations in Electric Power Systems: Forecasting, Scheduling, and Risk Management, IEEE Press / Wiley, 2002. This is a 540-page book that describes the operations of wholesale markets in considerable detail.

Klaus Skytte, "The regulating power market on the Nordic power exchange Nord Pool: an econometric analysis," Energy Economics 21, pp 295--308, 1999. Describes the observed price behavior of the balancing market in Nord Pool with respect to the spot (forward) market.

Steven Stoft, Power System Economics, IEEE Press / Wiley, 2002. Another book from the same era as the Shahidehpour book above.

Strachan and Dowlatabadi, Distributed generation and distribution utilities, Energy Policy 30[8], 2002. Discussion of the handling of retail-level power generation in a market environment.

NYISO Two Settlement Marketplace
(Includes:A description of the NYISO Marketplace Two Settlement System. Calculations associated with the Day Ahead and Real Time Market settlements; generator offer submittal to sell energy; load serving entity submittal to bid for procuring energy and the timeline for submitting energy offers and purchase bids.)

New Zealand Electricity Trading Market: (The electricity trading platform design for the TAC currently does not support a Day-Ahead-Market. At a recent meetup of the Electricity TAC group, cs.umn,edu subgroup, one of the issues that surfaced concerned the Day-Ahead-Market (DAM). More specifically, the discussion revolved around whether or not it was necessary to include a model of the DAM to more closely conform to the most commonly encountered electricity market architectures in the world (US, NYISO for example). Interestingly, some market architectures do not have a DAM. New Zealand's NZEM exemplifies one such market. The above-referenced publication describes the New Zealand Electricity Trading Market. A follow up paper ( found here next paper ) analyzes some of the market effects resulting from the absence of a DAM market in the New Zealand electricity trading marketplace. These two papers, singly or in combination may be of interest in deciphering likely market dynamics in a DAM + Real TIme Market (RTM) model versus a purely RTM model akin to the current implementation of the Electricity TAC platform..)

Impact of weather on electricity demand forecasting

A topic that was discussed Sept 30, 2010 at the meeting of the the Minnesota Power TAC group.

Taylor, J., & Buizza, R.. “Using Weather Ensemble Prediction in Electricity Demand Forecasting”. Intern. J. Forecast., 2003, Vol. 19, pp. 57-70. (This paper describes a study which investigates the use of weather ensemble predictions (a weather ensemble prediction consists of 51 scenarios for the future value of a weather variable) in electricity demand forecasting for lead times form one to 10 days ahead.)

Taylor, J., Menezes, L., & McSharry, P., “A Comparison of Univariate Methods for Forecasting Electricity Demand Up to a Day Ahead,” Intern. J. Forecast, Volume 22, Issue 1, January-March 2006, Pages 1-16. (This empirical paper compares the accuracy of six univariate methods for short-term electricity demand forecasting for lead times up to a day-ahead)

Ku, Anne, Demand Forecasting, March/April 2002 issue of Global Energy Business (a draft version of the article is available online. This article discusses the implications of weather forecasts in the context of electricity trading)

Smart Grids

Katiraei et al., Microgrids Management: Controls and Operation Aspects of Microgrids, IEEE Power and Energy Magazine, May/June 2008. Discusses the operation of distribution grids (microgrids) with connected distributed energy resources.

Real Time Electricity Monitors -prelude to time-of-use metering apps? ( ) Accessed Oct 7th 2010)

Katholieke Universiteit Leuven Study on interaction and dependencies of balancing markets, intraday trade and automatically activated reserves, Report TREN /C2/84/2007, Feb. 2009. (Last accessed Dec 10, 2010).

Agent behavior

Fatemeh Sarkhosh, Masoud M. Tafreshi, and Azim S. Lahiji, A Game-Based Bidding Strategy for Generation Companies Considering Price-Maker Wind-Pumped Storage System, International Journal of Electrical and Electronics Engineering 5:4 2011.

Julija Matevosyan and Lennart Soder, Minimization of Imbalance Cost Trading Wind Power on the Short-Term Power Market, IEEE Trans. on Power Systems 21:3, August 2006.